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Learning Area
  • Mathematics
The Measurement strand focuses on the basic principles of measurement: the range of measures in common use and the  skills needed for everyday purposes. As a result of their learning, students will develop confidence and proficiency in using direct  and indirect measurement and estimating skills to describe, compare, evaluate, plan and construct.

To achieve this, students require an understanding of the nature of the different physical attributes that can be measured and the way units are used to quantify amounts of such attributes to needed levels of accuracy. It also requires the ability and understandings needed to make informed judgments about measurements for a range of purposes and to calculate measurement indirectly using measurement relationships. Learning experiences should be provided that will enable students to understand units, directly and indirectly measure, and estimate measurements. 

As a result of their learning experiences, students at all levels should be able to achieve the following outcomes.

Understand Units 

Decide what needs to be measured by selecting what attributes to measure and what units to use.

Direct Measure

Carry out measurements of length, capacity/volume, mass, area, time and angle to needed levels of accuracy.

Indirect Measure

Select, interpret and combine measurements, measurement relationships and formulae to determine other measures indirectly.


Make sensible direct and indirect estimates of quantities and be alert to the reasonableness of measurements and results.


Measurement - book 1

Understand Units | Direct Measure


Measurement - book 2

Indirect Measure | Estimate


Measurement diagnostic tasks - student worksheets

The Measurement Diagnostic Tasks explicitly focus on the student's ability to understand and apply direct and indirect units of measure. Task review and planning sessions are a critical component of using First Steps in Mathematics.

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